Despite a warm start to winter in Madison, Lake Mendota is definitely frozen (see pictures below from our shortcut to seminar last Friday). Frigid temperatures and snow make spring seem like a forgotten memory. But that doesn’t mean that all of the lake microbes are frozen, too. Their metabolisms may be slowed by the cold temperatures, but they are still active and impacting their environments. Here are some reviews of microbial ecology in cold environments for you to enjoy while we’re still experiencing winter!